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  Ashmore and Cartier Islands
(territory of Australia)
 
Flag of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Click to enlarge
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 Introduction
 Geography
 People
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This page was last updated on 15 November, 2007


Map of Ashmore and Cartier Islands



Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Background:

These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, is now a marine reserve.

   Geography    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Location:

Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island
Geographic coordinates:

12 14 S, 123 05 E
Map references:

Southeast Asia
Area:

total: 5 sq km
land: 5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island
Area - comparative:

about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:

0 km
Coastline:

74.1 km
Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:

tropical
Terrain:

low with sand and coral
Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources:

fish
Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all grass and sand) (2005)
Irrigated land:

0 sq km
Natural hazards:

surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues:

NA
Geography - note:

Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983
   People    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Population:

no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island
People - note:

the landing of illegal immigrants from Indonesia's Rote Island has become an ongoing problem
   Government    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Country name:

conventional long form: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
conventional short form: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Dependency status:

territory of Australia; administered by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Legal system:

the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply
Diplomatic representation in the US:

none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US:

none (territory of Australia)
Flag description:

the flag of Australia is used
   Economy    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Economy - overview:

no economic activity

   Transportation    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Ports and terminals:

none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force
   Transnational Issues    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Disputes - international:

Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to these islands; Australia closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier Reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing and placed restrictions on certain catches

This page was last updated on 15 November, 2007


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