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  Navassa Island
(territory of the US)
 
Flag of Navassa Island
Click to enlarge
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This page was last updated on 15 November, 2007


Map of Navassa Island



Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Navassa Island Top of Page
Background:

This uninhabited island was claimed by the US in 1857 for its guano. Mining took place between 1865 and 1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior. A 1998 scientific expedition to the island described it as a unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity; the following year it became a National Wildlife Refuge and annual scientific expeditions have continued.

   Geography    Navassa Island Top of Page
Location:

Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 35 miles west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti
Geographic coordinates:

18 25 N, 75 02 W
Map references:

Central America and the Caribbean
Area:

total: 5.4 sq km
land: 5.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:

about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:

0 km
Coastline:

8 km
Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:

marine, tropical
Terrain:

raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)
Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on southwest side 77 m
Natural resources:

guano
Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Natural hazards:

hurricanes
Environment - current issues:

NA
Geography - note:

strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus
   People    Navassa Island Top of Page
Population:

uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
   Government    Navassa Island Top of Page
Country name:

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Navassa Island
Dependency status:

unorganized, unincorporated territory of the US; administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior, from the Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Boqueron, Puerto Rico; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island
Legal system:

the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description:

the flag of the US is used
   Economy    Navassa Island Top of Page
Economy - overview:

Subsistence fishing and commercial trawling occur within refuge waters.

   Transportation    Navassa Island Top of Page
Ports and terminals:

none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Navassa Island Top of Page
Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of the US
   Transnational Issues    Navassa Island Top of Page
Disputes - international:

claimed by Haiti, source of subsistence fishing

This page was last updated on 15 November, 2007


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